Preventative Maintenance Check List

Nutrient and Silt Control

large lake with surrounding forest

  • Do not fertilize grounds sloping towards the water. Fertilizer will eventually end up kin the lake or pond.
  • Maintain a properly functioning septic system. Seepage can be detected through the use of dyes flushed into the system.
  • Dispose of wastes (leaves, grass, fish entrails, garbage, ashes, etc.) away from the water. All of these materials can serve to increase the nutrient concentrations.
  • Allow a “buffer zone” (strip of grass or natural vegetation) to grow around the shoreline. This will help stabilize banks, reduce erosion, provide and aesthetically pleasing landscape, and retain some nutrients that would otherwise enter the water.

Shoreline Management

  • Plant native vegetation that blends in with the surroundings. This will encourage a diversity of wildlife.
  • Protect shorelines from erosion and undercutting. Use rock lining (rib-rapping), terracing or seawalls
  • Fence out livestock to prevent them form entering the water.

Fish Management

  • Never randomly stock fish. Introduction of fish should be carefully planned in terms of species, sizes and numbers according to the size, water quality and production potential of the pond.
  • Do not introduce rough fish (carp, suckers, etc.). Never discard unused minnows into the water.
  • Watch for signs of unbalanced fish populations such as overabundant small fish, too may fish of one size class, or undernourished fish.
  • Do not over fish under populated gamefish ponds (bass and trout) or under fish overpopulated panfish ponds.
  • Do not over feed fish if a supplemental feed program is used.

Safety and Education

  • Locate life-saving equipment at the water’s edge. This should include a ring buoy with sufficient rope and a long pole.
  • Designate swimming areas with signs or floats and post warnings concerning deep water, drop offs, underwater obstructions, etc.
  • If sewage contamination or run-off from livestock areas is suspected, have the water tested for bacterial contamination.
  • Always carry life preserves in boats.
  • Be cautions walking on ice, especially in early or late winter or during heavy snow cover. If aeration equipment is in operation during winter, designate open water areas with a barricade.
  • Contact Flag City Water Systems for service and information about the aquatic environment.
  • Organize a Lake Property Owner’s group and formulate a water management plan.
  • Use common sense.